Rabu, 22 Juni 2011

Dialogue 1
VICKI: Hello, I’m Vicki.
HELEN: Hello, Vicki. My name’s
VICKI: Pleased to meet
HELEN: And you.
Dialogue 2
STUART: I’m Stuart.
JENNY: Hello Stuart. I’m Jenny.
STUART: Nice to meet you.
JENNY: And you

Dialogue 3
Paul introduces himself to Mo.
PAUL: Hello – you’re Mo, aren’t you?
MO: Yes, I am. And what’s your name?
PAUL: I’m Paul – pleased to meet you.
MO: Pleased to meet you too.

Dialogue 4
Rosemary wants to introduce Justine and Tim to Stuart, who doesn’t
know them.
ROSEMARY: Stuart, this is Justine.
STUART: Hello, Justine.
JUSTINE: Pleased to meet you, Stuart.
ROSEMARY: And this is Tim.
TIM: Hello, Stuart.

Dialogue 5
Justine introduces Vicki to Chris.
JUSTINE: Vicki – do you know Chris?
VICKI: I don’t think so.
JUSTINE: Chris, this is Vicki.
CHRIS: Hello Vicki.

Dialogue 6
Stuart is seeing if he can remember the names of everyone in the
STUART: Now then, are you Helen?
HELEN: Yes, I am.
STUART: And is that Su by the door?
HELEN: Yes, it is.
Stuart turns to another person.
STUART: And are you Jenny?
JENNY: Yes, I am!
Stuart points to someone else.
STUART: And is she Ann?
JENNY: Yes she is! Well done!

Dialogue 7

Su is talking to Shamira in the office.
SU: Is the coffee ready?
SHAMIRA: Yes, it is.
SU: Good. Where’s the sugar?
SHAMIRA: It’s over there on the table.
Su looks for the sugar.
SU: Are you sure, Shamira?
Shamira looks as well.
SHAMIRA: Oh no – here it is, on Tim’s desk.
SU: Is Tim off today?
SHAMIRA: Yes, he is. He’s ill.
SU: Poor Tim. Coffee for two, then?
VICKI: Hello Chris. Pleased to meet you.

Dialogue 8
Brian is having trouble with names and faces.
BRIAN: Is that Gerry over there?
STUART: Yes, it is.
BRIAN: And who’s that with him?
STUART: That’s Ben.
BRIAN: And where’s Sandra?
STUART: She’s over there, by the window.
BRIAN: Oh yes – and who’s that with her?
STUART: That’s Dave.
Dialogue 9
Ben has a list of names of people in the office, but he doesn’t know
who’s who! He asks Justine to help, and she points them out as he
reads out the names.
BEN: Right. Where’s Helen?
JUSTINE: That’s her, by the door.
BEN: And Stuart?
JUSTINE: That’s him, at the computer.
BEN: And what about Gerry and Adrian?
JUSTINE: That’s them, by the coffee-machine.
BEN: And finally what about Justine?
JUSTINE: That’s me, silly!

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Examples and Observations:

* "Very similar to compounds are formations where one of the elements is a whole word and the other is not, as in agriculture, biotechnology, Eurodollar, technophobia, and workaholic. . . .

"Most formations of this kind involve additional elements called affixes, which in English are of two types: prefixes, occurring before the stem of a word, and suffixes, occurring after. English does not have affixes in large numbers--about fifty common prefixes and somewhat fewer common suffixes. Prefixes include dis-, mal-, ex-, and semi-, as in disinterested, malformed, ex-husband, and semi-detached. Suffixes include -ship, -ness, -ette, and -let, as in hardship, goodness, kitchenette, and booklet. Clusters of affixes can be used to build up complex words:

nation, national, nationalize, nationalization
denationalization, antidenationalization

Over half the words in English are there because of processes of this kind. And this is one reason why children's vocabulary grows so quickly once they learn some prefixes and suffixes."
(David Crystal, How Language Works. Overlook, 2006)

* "Derivational prefixes do not normally alter the word class of the base word; that is, a prefix is added to a noun to form a new noun with a different meaning. . . . Derivational suffixes, on the other hand, usually change both the meaning and the word class; that is, a suffix is often added to a verb or adjective to form a new noun with a different meaning:
adjective: dark / suffixed noun: darkness
verb: agree / suffixed noun: agreement
noun: friend / suffixed noun: friendship"
(D. Biber, et al., Longman Student Grammar of Spoken English. Longman, 2002)

Dialog 1
Vicki: Halo, saya Vicki.
HELEN: Halo, Vicki. Nama saya itu
Vicki: Senang bertemu
HELEN: Dan Anda.
Dialog 2
STUART: Saya Stuart.
JENNY: Halo Stuart. Aku Jenny.
STUART: Senang bertemu anda.
JENNY: Dan Anda

Dialog 3
Paulus memperkenalkan dirinya Mo
PAULUS: Halo - Anda Mo, bukan?
MO: Ya, saya. Dan apa nama Anda?
PAUL: Aku Paulus - senang bertemu Anda.
MO: Senang bertemu dengan Anda juga.

Dialog 4
Rosemary ingin memperkenalkan Justine dan Tim ke Stuart, yang tidak
mengenal mereka.
ROSEMARY: Stuart, ini Justine.
STUART: Halo, Justine.
Justine: Senang bertemu dengan Anda, Stuart.
ROSEMARY: Dan ini adalah Tim.
TIM: Halo, Stuart.

Dialog 5
Justine memperkenalkan Vicki untuk Chris.
Justine: Vicki - Anda tahu Chris?
Vicki: Saya tidak berpikir begitu.
Justine: Chris, ini Vicki.
CHRIS: Halo Vicki.

Dialog 6
Stuart melihat apakah ia dapat mengingat nama-nama semua orang di
STUART: Nah, Anda Helen?
HELEN: Ya, saya.
STUART: Dan bahwa Su dengan pintu?
HELEN: Ya, itu.
Stuart berubah menjadi orang lain.
STUART: Dan apakah Anda Jenny?
JENNY: Ya, saya!
Stuart menunjuk ke orang lain.
STUART: Dan apakah dia Ann?
JENNY: Ya dia! Bagus!

Dialog 7

Su berbicara dengan Shamira di kantor.
SU: Apakah kopi siap?
SHAMIRA: Ya, itu.
SU: Baik. Mana gula?
SHAMIRA: Di sebelah sana di atas meja.
Su mencari gula.
SU: Apakah Anda yakin, Shamira?
Shamira terlihat juga.
SHAMIRA: Oh tidak - di sini adalah, di meja Tim.
SU: Apakah Tim dari hari ini?
SHAMIRA: Ya, dia. Dia sakit.
SU: Tim Miskin. Kopi untuk dua orang, kemudian?
Vicki: Halo Chris. Senang bertemu dengan Anda.

Dialog 8
Brian mengalami masalah dengan nama dan wajah.
BRIAN: Apakah Gerry di sana?
STUART: Ya, itu.
BRIAN: Dan siapa yang bersamanya?
STUART: Itu Ben.
BRIAN: Dan di mana Sandra?
STUART: Dia di sana, dekat jendela.
BRIAN: Oh ya - dan siapa yang bersamanya?
STUART: Itu Dave.
Dialog 9
Ben memiliki daftar nama orang-orang di kantor, tapi dia tidak tahu
siapa siapa! Dia meminta Justine untuk membantu, dan ia menunjuk mereka sebagai dia
membacakan nama-nama.
BEN: Benar. Dimana Helen?
Justine: Itu dia, di dekat pintu.
BEN: Dan Stuart?
Justine: Itu dia, di depan komputer.
BEN: Dan apa tentang Gerry dan Adrian?
Justine: Itu mereka, dengan mesin kopi.
BEN: Dan akhirnya bagaimana dengan Justine?
Justine: Itulah aku, konyol!

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